5 Popular Indigenous Soups In Nigeria & How It’s Prepared

There are many indigenous soups in Nigeria as they are ordinarily served alongside swallows like Wheat, Amala, Eba, Semo and Fufu. With no doubt, we have numerous indigenous soup.

Honestly, as a guest, you are presented with different choices to choose from, the sight of a Nigerian dish alone will keep you salivating, you really need to know the popular indigenous soup and they are being prepared.

In this article, I will explain how you can prepare the five most popular soups in Nigeria.

Indigenous Soups In Nigeria And Method of Preparation

Below we have listed the names of the local soups in Nigeria and their method of preparation;

1. Edikang Ikong Soup

Edikang Ikong Soup, Nigerian Indegenous soup

Edikang Ikong soup is neighborhood to the overall public from Cross River states and Akwa Ibom. However, It is been set up with an impressive proportion of pumpkin leaves, water leaves and the assembled cheeseburger. It is exceptionally bolstering.

The ingredients include 500g dried fish, 1 medium stockfish head, 10-12 glasses waterleaf, 1 glass ground crawfish, Meat of decision, 1 glass palm oil, 6-7 glasses fluted pumpkin leaf, 2 Achi, Salt and pepper, 3-4 flavoring solid shapes,1/2 glass hacked onions.


  • Cook meat with vital fixings until delicate.
  • Wash dry fish and stock-fish with high temp water, at that point add to meat.
  • Wash and cut Ugwu leaves and water leaves independently.
  • Include 1 measure of palm oil, salt and pepper to the meat.
  • Cook for around 5-10 minutes, blend delicately and include the water clears out.
  • Permit to bubble for around 3 minutes, at that point include the ground crayfish, pepper and flavoring shapes.
  • Blend appropriately and include the ground Achi or Ofor.
  • Following a couple of minutes include your cut Ugwu clears out.
  • Blend, cover the pot midway and permit to stew for 3-5 minutes.
  • Serve your Edikang Ikong with the staple nourishment of your decision.

Edikang Ikong can be consumed with Fufu, Garri(Eba), Amala, Wheat and other Nigerian local swallows, you can take a chilled Coca-cola to push it down.

2. Efo Riro

Efor Riro
Photo credit: olatinskitchen.com

Efo Riro is known to be a rich vegetable soup that is comprehensively orchestrated among the Yorubas and it could be made oil-less or oil-free based on your love for oil because Yorubas generally love to have more oil.

Efo-Shoko which is popularly known as Green Amaranth is used to prepare the soup. In case this isn’t available you can essentially use spinach.


  • Wash and place the meat inside the pot, incorporate little of water, cut onions, season with salt, 2 knorrs 3D square and allow to rise for 10-15 minutes, incorporate 1 some water and cook till sensitive and the water is moderately dried.
  • Incorporate the stock-fish, smoked fish, incorporate some water and cook for another 10-15 minutes depending upon the hardness of your stockfish.
  • Oust the pot from warmth, put another pot on warmth and pour in some palm oil, 200ml. Allow warming before including the cut onions, pepper/tatashe, blend and allow to burn for an extra ten minutes while mixing on occasion to swear off devouring.
  • Incorporate the cooked meat/stockfish/smoked fish, mix and allow to stew for 5 minutes, incorporate the crayfish, iru, blend and allow an extra 3 minutes.
  • Incorporate a state of Maggi, salt to taste, mix and incorporate the spinach gets out. Combine all and allow to stew for another 3-5 minutes and you just distressed a radiant pot of efo riro.

Efo Riro goes well with Eba either the white or the yellowish eba, you can also make use of other swallows in case you are not a fan of Eba.

3. Bitter Leaf Soup (Ofe Onugbu)

Bitter Leaf Soup
Photo credit: cookpad.com

The Bitter leaf soup is to a great degree standard in Eastern Nigeria and also in the Western region of the country. As the name implies, you might not want to have such soup on your table for dinner mainly because of the name “bitter”, but let me clear you this is one of the sweetest or most delicious soups in Nigeria. The bitter part of it isn’t the circumstance as it is being washed out of the leaf going through smashing and washing for couple of times.


  • Warmth up your shaki, ponmo and stockfish first.
  • Wash the ground sirloin sandwich and add to the pot of shaki et cetera and continue cooking.
  • Incorporate enhancing, Incorporate pepper, ground crayfish, bitter leaves and cook for 10 minutes. By then incorporate the coco-yam paste and palm oil.
  • Cover the pot and leave to cook on high warmth till all the coco-yam abnormalities have deteriorated.
  • Incorporate some salt and the soup is readied.

3. Miyan Kuka

Miyan Kuka
Photo credit: kinghatfood.com

This soup is created utilizing baobab. It is generally eaten in Northern Nigeria. In this way, when you are around there, guarantee you have a plate of Miyan Kuka and meat with Tuwo Shinkafa.


  • Warmth up the oil and cook onion and garlic till mind-blowing lessen shaded.
  • You can gently add water and also add the pepper, ginger, enhancing and salt to taste.
  • Add the washed fish and cook for 5 minutes to get the enhancing into the fish.
  • Remove the fish and set aside so it doesn’t independent.
  • Remove pot from fire and speed in the Kuka powder. Surge until the point that the moment that the powder blends well.
  • Return pot to fire to the air pocket and cook for around 2 minutes.

Read Also: When An African Man Loves His Woman

5. Abak Atama

Abak Atama - Popular Indigenous Soups In Nigeria

Abak Atama Soup is a delightful soup predominant among the Ibibios of Akwa-Ibom, also rated as one of the best indigenous soups in Nigeria. The name is gotten from the two essential fixings Palm Fruit Concentrate (Abak) and Atama Leaves.


  • The first is to boil the Eyop for 25 minutes.
  • You need to separate the nut from the flesh(palm fruit).
  • Add 1.5litres of water inside palm fruit.
  • You need to sieve out the palm juice into a separate pot.
  • Add seasoning to your beef. Allow to boil for 20mins.
  • Transfer the beef inside the pot containing the palm sauce.
  • Add the cow skin, stockfish head and periwinkle.
  • Introduced dry pepper, grounded crayfish, Uyayak, salt and seasoning.
  • Leave it to be heated until it is thick. Then introduce Atama to it.
  • Allow the soup to be thick.

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