How To Invest In The Stock Market? 2024 Beginner’s Guide

In this guide, we will discover how to invest in the stock market with little capital and without being an expert. A stock exchange is an entity that facilitates the buying and selling of shares. It is a market where investors buy and sell their shares, allowing them to earn money through investments. 

The exchange sets the trading rules, provides liquidity for trades, and keeps a record of all transactions. At NaijaXtreme we explain in detail all the steps you must follow to avoid the most common mistakes and start investing in the financial markets.

How To Invest In The Stock Market? Beginner's Guide

An initial suggestion? The first step to investing in the stock market is to open an account with an authorized broker, that is, an intermediary that will enter the purchase and sale orders that we will send to the market. 

We recommend brokers like Capex that offer a professional platform, more than 2,000 assets to trade online and a demo account where you can practice, with virtual money and without risk:

What is the stock market?

The stock market is a market in which shares or other titles are traded. Stocks are publicly traded parts of a company, which means investors can buy them or sell them to anyone willing to do so.

Stock prices are constantly moving as investors buy and sell based on their expectations of the company’s future performance. This means that if we believe that a company is going to be successful, we can buy its shares and benefit from the increase in its price.

In short, a stock exchange is a regulated body that provides a platform for investors to buy and sell shares. Facilitates transactions by providing liquidity to trades, establishing trading rules, and keeping records of all transactions. In this way, the stock market helps ensure the efficient functioning of the market and helps investors make sound decisions when investing in securities.

How does the stock market work?

At its most basic level, an exchange works like any other market:

  1. Buyers and sellers meet in one place to exchange goods or services at agreed prices. In this case, those assets are shares, which represent ownership of publicly traded companies. When you buy a share of a company on a stock exchange, you either own a part of that company or have some degree of control over it, depending on how many shares you buy.
  2. When you buy a stock, your order goes through a stockbroker, who acts as an intermediary between the buyer and the seller. The agent then sends the order to the trading floor or to the exchange’s electronic platform. There, market makers (people who buy and sell securities for their own account) match buyers and sellers at agreed prices. For each operation that is carried out, the exchange charges a commission.
  3. After all trades are completed at the end of each day (or more frequently, depending on market activity), the exchange updates its records to reflect all these trades. This new information affects current stock prices and helps investors decide whether to do business with the stock.

How to invest in the stock market?

Here are the steps to follow to start investing in the stock market:

  1. Open a brokerage account. The first step to investing in the stock market is to open a brokerage account, which allows you to buy and sell shares through an online platform or through a stockbroker. Before opening an account, consider what kind of services you need and compare the fees, commissions, and other expenses associated with different brokers.
  2. Research stocks and companies. Before investing in a particular stock, it’s important to do your research on the company behind it. This includes researching its financial statements and understanding how the company operates within its industry. It also involves evaluating the company’s future prospects and considering whether its business model could be altered by new technologies or industry trends.
  3. Decide on a strategy. Once you’ve done your research, it’s time to decide on an investment strategy. This involves deciding how much money you want to invest and what type of securities you want to buy. It also involves determining the level of risk you are willing to take, as well as setting entry and exit points for trades.
  4. Place orders and monitor performance. Once the strategy has been decided, the next step is to place orders with the broker and manage the investments on an ongoing basis. This includes monitoring the market regularly, keeping an eye out for any news affecting certain stocks or companies, adjusting positions when necessary based on changing market conditions, and diversifying positions across sectors.

Step-by-step investing in the stock market can be a great way to accumulate wealth and create a more secure financial future. To invest successfully it is essential to do your research and have a solid strategy. With the right approach, you can become a profitable stock investor.

How do you make money in the stock market?

There are two main ways to make money on the stock market: dividends and capital.

  • dividend is a payment that shareholders of a company receive for each share they own. It is a part of the profits that the company has obtained during the previous financial year. Dividends are paid based on the number of shares owned, so the more shares we have, the more money we will receive.
  • Capital is the profit obtained from the sale of shares at a higher price than the purchase priceFor example, if we bought Google shares for 1,000 euros and later decided to sell them for 1,200 euros, we would have made a profit of 200 euros (1,200-1,000). This benefit is called surplus value.

What risks exist when investing in the stock market?

When investing in the stock market there are two types of risks: market risk and company risk.

  • Market risk occurs when stock prices fall across the board. This can occur due to a number of factors, such as an economic crisis or a change in monetary policy. When this happens, all stocks tend to fall, so it’s important to take this into account before investing.
  • Enterprise risk occurs when the price of a particular company’s shares falls. This can occur due to a number of factors, such as increased competition, internal company issues, or a change in legislation. When this happens, only the shares of that company are affected, so it’s important to do your research before investing.

How can you minimize the risks when investing in the stock market? Various strategies can be used to do so. One of the most common is diversification, which consists of investing in different companies and sectors. This means that if one company has problems, the rest of your portfolio will continue to function and allow you to minimize losses.

Another way to minimize risk is to invest for the long term. If we buy shares to hold for 10 years, for example, we can minimize the impact of market fluctuations.

How to learn to invest in the stock market?

To learn to invest in the stock market from scratch there are different options. You can read books on the subject, attend courses or webinars, or even buy specialized software.

Here are some of the best ways to learn to invest in the stock market:

  • Online courses: There are many online trading courses on investment that you can follow from the comfort of your home. These courses are designed for all levels, so you can find one that suits your needs.
  • Webinars: Webinars are online seminars in which you can learn many things about investment. They usually last between 1 and 2 hours and are usually taught by experts on the subject.
  • Investing Books: If you prefer to read books, there are plenty on the subject of investing. These books will help you learn everything you need to invest successfully.
  • Personalized advice: If you want personalized advice, you can hire the services of a person specialized in investments. This person will help you learn everything you need to invest and advise you on the best options for you.

What are the most common mistakes when investing in the Stock Market?

Let’s find out what are the most common mistakes when investing in the stock market and how to avoid them:

  • Invest without training: Even if we rely on Robo Advisors or a passive form of investment (such as ETFs), we must always have a clear idea of ​​the situation. That is why studying the markets and constantly keeping up to date is an obligation for all those who approach the world of the Stock Market.
  • Forgetting to diversify: Another typical mistake, falling in love with a stock and betting everything (or almost everything) on ​​it. Nothing could be more wrong. To invest in the stock market profitably, we must plan our strategy well and base it on diversification. A good portfolio can consist of stocks, indices, ETFs, and maybe even some cryptocurrencies.
  • Using a low-quality broker: often, the problem is not only in the quality of the broker, but in its level of security. New traders, perhaps tempted by offers related to low spreads or otherwise, are tempted by the first broker they find, with the result of falling for scams.

Investing in the Stock Market: Pros and Cons

Investing in the stock market carries both benefits and risks. The main benefit is that stocks can be a great source of long-term wealth, as they allow investors to accumulate more money than they could from other investments like bonds or cash deposits. Stocks also provide diversification and the potential for higher returns than other investments.

On the downside, stock markets are volatile and unpredictable: prices can go up or down quickly due to changing economic conditions or business news. This means that investors risk losing their capital if they do not time their trades correctly or do not understand how the stock market works. Also, taxes on profits may be higher than those applicable to other investments.

Read Also: The 7 Best Investors In The World


What are the stock market hours?

The stock market is open from 9:30 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. EST on all regular trading days, Monday through Friday (excluding holidays). During these hours, buyers and sellers of securities can place orders to buy or sell shares. It is also possible to trade outside of these hours, but the prices may not match the current ones.

What are simulators to invest in the stock market?

These are platforms that allow you to perfectly replicate the investment. Also known as “demo accounts”, they represent a service made available by the best brokers, so that the user becomes familiar with the world of investments.

How are stock market profits taxed?

The taxation of stock market profits depends on the type of investment. In general, capital gains from shares held for less than a year are taxed as ordinary income, while investments held for more than a year may qualify for lower rates on long-term capital gains. Consult your accountant or tax manager for more information.

How much money is needed to invest in the stock market?

The amount of money needed to invest in the stock market depends on the risk that the investor is willing to assume. In general, it is recommended that investors start with at least $500 and increase their portfolio as they become more comfortable investing. Some stockbrokers also offer commission-free trading for new investors, making it easy to get into the market.

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