The United States is a country of large territorial extension, made up of 50 states, each with its unique geographic and cultural characteristics. The country is the third largest in the world, behind Russia and Canada, respectively.
The largest states in the United States, in terms of area, encompass vast deserts, plains, forests, mountains, and coasts, offering an incredible variety of ecosystems and biodiversity.
From a geographic perspective, the United States stretches from the Atlantic Ocean in the east to the Pacific Ocean in the west, encompassing four time zones and a total area of about 9.8 million square kilometers. Compared to Brazil, which has an area of approximately 8.5 million square kilometers, the northern country is slightly larger in territorial extension.
While Brazil has 26 states and a Federal District, the United States has 50 states, varying in size and population.
The largest North American states occupy significant areas of the national territory and play fundamental roles in the country’s economy, culture and politics. The geographical vastness of the United States and the variety of landscapes and climates result in a wealth of natural resources and opportunities for the development of diverse economic activities, such as agriculture, mining, tourism and energy.
The 8 Largest States in the United States
The size of a state can be subjective. For example, if we talk about population density or territorial extension, the ranking of the largest states in the United States can be quite varied. Therefore, we will mainly talk about the territorial extension of these states.
With 1,070.83km², Alaska is by far the largest state in the USA. However, the district also has the lowest population density in the country. More than 152 thousand km² of Alaska is basically water. This makes the state have 40% of the total water surface in the USA.
Alaska is northwest of Canada and is very close to Siberia, in Russia. The region is one of the coldest on the planet and also a highly important polar ecosystem.
Almost half the size of Alaska, Texas is in the extreme south of the country and is 695,662km°. Texas is on the border with Mexico and is mostly covered by deserts and coniferous forests.
Covering a large part of the American West Coast, California accounts for 423,970km². Ranking third in size, California also has the largest population in the US, with 39 million people. The climate in the state is quite hot and the region lies above the San Andreas fault, a large boundary between tectonic plates with intense seismic activity.
Montana is 380,832km² long, and therefore comes in fourth place on the list of largest states in the United States. The state also has two of the largest cities in the country: Anaconda and Butte. Due to the abundance of mineral reserves, mainly gold and silver, the state is nicknamed “Treasure State”.
5. New Mexico
New Mexico’s capital is the city of Santa Fe, the oldest capital in the country, founded in 1610. With 315,194km², New Mexico has 47% of its population with Hispanic or Latino identification. The state is located between Texas and Arizona, also on the border with Mexico.
With 294,199km², Arizona has the capital Phoenix, with approximately 1.7 million people. The capital is one of the largest in the country in terms of territorial extension. Arizona is home to one of the most famous tourist and natural attractions in the USA: the Grand Canyon.
Home to the famous city of Las Vegas, Nevada is the seventh largest state in the country, with 284,330km². Nevada is also home to the famous Area 51 base, around which many conspiracy theories revolve. The state is also the driest in the US, with an average of 108 mm of rainfall in some regions.
Colorado is mostly covered by the large mountain range known as the Rocky Mountains. The state is 268,423km² long and is located in the center-west of the country.
Read Also: The 10 Richest States In The United States?
All 50 States in Territorial Order
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